Depression

This bibliography was prepared for the ICIC Collaborative on Depression. It includes clinical trials on depression, behavioral and self-management support literature, as well as publications describing the Chronic Care Model. Articles appearing in the National Library of Medicine online database include links to the citation. The NLM site gives access to the article abstract when available, as well as other information. For information regarding the research methodology used to produce this bibliography, see the Bibliography Overview.

Articles referencing clinicial guidelines may not reflect current standards.  For up-to-date clinical guidelines, please consult the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), a public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. NGC is an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
 
Changing Provider Behavior
Davis D, O'Brien MA, Freemantle N, Wolf FM, Mazmanian P, and Taylor-Vaisey A. Impact of formal continuing medical education: do conferences, workshops, rounds, and other traditional continuing education activities change physician behavior or health care outcomes? JAMA. 1999 Sep 1; 282(9):867-74. [Link]

Davis D. Does CME work? An analysis of the effect of educational activities on physician performance or health care outcomes. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1998; 28(1):21-39. [Link]
 
Davis DA, Thomson MA, Oxman AD, and Haynes RB. Changing physician performance. A systematic review of the effect of continuing medical education strategies. JAMA. 1995 Sep 6; 274(9):700-5. [Link]

Oxman AD, Thomson MA, Davis DA, and Haynes RB. No magic bullets: a systematic review of 102 trials of interventions to improve professional practice. CMAJ. 1995 Nov 15; 153(10):1423-31. [Link]
 
Primary Care Interventions
2001
Katon WJ, Rutter C, Ludman E, Von Korff M, Lin E, Simon G, Walker E, Unutzer J, Bush T.  A randomized trial of relapse prevention in primary care. Archives of General Psychiatry. 2001, 58:241-247. [Link]
 
Rollman B, Hanusa B, Gilbert T, Lowe H, Kapoor W, Schulberg H. The electronic medical record. Arch Intern Med. 2001; 22:189-97. [Link]
 
Rost K, Nutting P, Smith J, Werner J, Duan N. Improving depression outcomes in community primary care practice: a randomized trial of the QUEST intervention. Qualtiy Enhancement by Strategic Teaming. J Gen Intern Med. 2001; 16:143-9. [Link]
 
2000
Ludman E, Von Korff M, Katon W, Lin E., Simon G., Walker E, Bush T, Wahab S. The Design, Implementation and Acceptance of a Primary Care-Based Intervention to Prevent Depression Relapse. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. 2000, 30 (3) 229-245. [Link]
 
Simon G, VonKorff M, Rutter C, Wagner E. Randomised trial of monitoring, feedback, and management of care by telephone to improve depression treatment in primary care. BMJ. 2000; 320:550-4. [Link]
 
Tutty S, Simon G, Ludman E. Telephone counseling as an adjunct to antidepressant treatment in the primary care system: a pilot study. Eff Clin Pract. 2000; 4:170-8. [Link]
 
Wells KB, Sherbourne C, Schoenbaum M, et al. Impact of disseminating quality improvement programs for depression in managed primary care: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2000 Jan 12; 283(2):212-20. [Link]
 
1999
Ballenger JC. Clinical guidelines for establishing remission in patients with depression and anxiety. J Clin Psychiatry. 1999; 60 Suppl 22:29-34. [Link]
 
Ballenger JC, Davidson JR, Lecrubier Y, et al. Consensus statement on the primary care management of depression from the International Consensus Group on Depression and Anxiety. J Clin Psychiatry. 1999; 60 Suppl 7: 54-61. [Link]
 
Lin EH, Simon GE, Katon, W, et al. Can enhanced acute-phase treatment of depression improve long-term outcomes? A report of randomized trials in primary care. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Apr; 156(4):643-5. [Link]
 
1998
Saunders K, Simon G, Bush T, and Grothaus L. Assessing the feasibility of using computerized pharmacy refill data to monitor antidepressant treatment on a population basis: a comparison of automated and self-report data. J Clin Epidemiol. 1998 Oct; 51(10):883-90. [Link]
 
Simon GE, Katon W, Rutter C, et al. Impact of improved depression treatment in primary care on daily functioning and disability. Psychol Med. 1998 May; 28(3):693-701. [Link]
 
1997 & earlier
Schulberg HC, Block MR, Madonia MJ, et al. The 'usual care' of major depression in primary care practice. Arch Fam Med. 1997 Jul-1997 Aug 31; 6(4):334-9. [Link]
 
Lynch DJ, Tamburrino MB, and Nagel R. Telephone counseling for patients with minor depression: preliminary findings in a family practice setting. J Fam Pract. 1997 Mar; 44(3):293-8. [Link]
 
Mynors-Wallis L. Problem-solving treatment: evidence for effectiveness and feasibility in primary care. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1996; 26(3):249-62. [Link]
 
MacDonald TM, McMahon AD, Reid IC, Fenton GW, and McDevitt DG. Antidepressant drug use in primary care: a record linkage study in Tayside, Scotland. BMJ. 1996 Oct 5; 313(7061):860-1. [Link]
 
Schulberg HC, Block MR, Madonia MJ, et al. Treating major depression in primary care practice. Eight-month clinical outcomes. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996 Oct; 53(10):913-9. [Link]
 
Katzelnick D, Kobak K, Jefferson J, Greist J, and Henk HJ. Prescribing patterns of antidepressant medications for depression in an HMO. Formulary. May 1996; 31(5):374-88. [Link N/A]
 
Lazarus A. The role of primary care physicians in managed mental health care. Psychiatr Serv. 1995 Apr; 46(4):343-5. [Link]
 
Simon GE, Lin EH, Katon W, et al. Outcomes of "inadequate" antidepressant treatment [see comments]. J Gen Intern Med. 1995 Dec; 10(12):663-70. [Link]
 
Rubenstein LV, McCoy JM, Cope DW, et al. Improving patient quality of life with feedback to physicians about functional status. J Gen Intern Med. 1995 Nov; 10(11):607-14. [Link]
 
Simon GE, Von Korff M. Recognition, management, and outcomes of depression in primary care. Arch Fam Med. 1995 Feb; 4(2):99-105. [Link]
 
Sturm R, Wells KB. How can care or depression become more cost-effective? JAMA. 1995 Jan 4; 273(1):51-8. [Link]
 
Lin EH, Von Korff M, Katon W, et al. The role of the primary care physician in patients' adherence to antidepressant therapy. Med Care. 1995 Jan; 33(1):67-74. [Link]
 
Scott AI, Freeman CP. Edinburgh primary care depression study: treatment outcome, patient satisfaction, and cost after 16 weeks. BMJ. 1992 Apr 4; 304(6831):883-7. [Link]
 
Wasson J, Gaudette C, Whaley F, Sauvigne A, Baribeau P, Welch HG. Telephone care as a substitute for routine clinic follow-up. JAMA. 1992 Apr 1; 267(13):1788-93. [Link]
 
Catalan J, Gath DH, Anastasiades P, Bond SA, Day A, and Hall L. Evaluation of a brief psychological treatment for emotional disorders in primary care. Psychol Med. 1991 Nov; 21(4):1013-8. [Link]
 
Lin EHB, Katon WJ, Von Korff M, Russo JE, Simon GE, Bush TM, Rutter CM, Walker EA, Ludman, E. Relapse of Depression in Primary Care: Rate and Clinical Predictors. Arch Family Med 1998; 7:443-449. [Link]

Cost-effectiveness
Simon G, Manning W, Katzelnick D, Perarson S, Henk H, Helstad C. Cost-effectiveness of systematic depression treatment for high utilizers of general medical care. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2001; 58:181-7. [Link}
 
Simon G, Katon W, Von Korff M et al. Cost-effectiveness of a collaborative care program for primary care patients with persistent depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2001; 158:1638-44. [Link]
 
Schoenbaum M, Unützer J, Sherbourne C et al. The cost-effectiveness of practice-initiated quality improvement for depression: Results of a randomized, controlled trial. JAMA. 2001; 286:1325-30. [Link]
 
Von Korff M, Katon W, Bush T, et al. Treatment costs, cost offset, and cost-effectiveness of collaborative management of depression. Psychosom Med. 1998 Mar-1998 Apr 30; 60(2):143-9. [Link]
 
Lave JR, Frank RG, Schulberg HC, Kamlet MS. Cost-effectiveness of treatments for major depression in primary care practice. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998 Jul; 55(7):645-51. [Link]
 
Unutzer J, Patrick DL, Simon G, et al. Depressive symptoms and the cost of health services in HMO patients aged 65 years and older. A 4-year prospective study. JAMA. 1997 May 28; 277(20):1618-23. [Link]
 
Simon GE, Von Korff M, Barlow W. Health care costs of primary care patients with recognized depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1995 Oct; 52(10):850-6. [Link]
 
Treatment Guidelines
Thompson C, Kinmonth A, Stevens L et al. Effects of a clinical-practice guideline and practice-based education on detection and outcome of depression in primary care: Hampshire Depression Project randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2000; 15:185-91. [Link]
 
Goldberg HI, Wagner EH, Fihn SD, et al. A randomized controlled trial of CQI teams and academic detailing: can they alter compliance with guidelines? Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1998 Mar; 24(3):130-42. [Link]
 
Schulberg HC, Katon W, Simon GE, Rush AJ. Treating major depression in primary care practice: an update of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Practice Guidelines. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998 Dec;55(12):1121-7. [Link]
 
Lin EH, Katon WJ, Simon G, et al. Achieving guidelines for the treatment of depression in primary care: is physician education enough?  Med Care. 1997 Aug; 35(8):831-42. [Link]
 
Horowitz CR, Goldberg HI, Martin DP, et al. Conducting a randomized controlled trial of CQI and academic detailing to implement clinical guidelines. Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1996 Nov; 22(11):734-50. [Link]
 
Brown JB, Shye D, McFarland B. The paradox of guideline implementation: how AHCPR's depression guideline was adapted at Kaiser Permanente Northwest Region. Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1995 Jan; 21(1):5-21. [Link]
 
Ustun TB, Goldberg D, Cooper J, Simon GE, Sartorius N. New classification for mental disorders with management guidelines for use in primary care: ICD-10 PHC chapter five. Br J Gen Pract. 1995 Apr;45(393):211-5. [Link]
 
Grimshaw JM, Russell IT. Effect of clinical guidelines on medical practice: a systematic review of rigorous evaluations. Lancet. 1993 Nov 27; 342(8883):1317-22. [Link]
 
Lomas J, Enkin M, Anderson GM, Hannah WJ, Vayda E, Singer J. Opinion leaders vs audit and feedback to implement practice guidelines. Delivery after previous cesarean section. JAMA. 1991 May 1;265(17):2202-7. [Link]
 
Psychotherapy
Osgood-Hynes DJ, Greist JH, Marks IM, et al. Self-administered psychotherapy for depression using a telephone- accessed computer system plus booklets: an open U.S.-U.K. study. J Clin Psychiatry. 1998 Jul;59(7):358-65. [Link]
 
Thase ME, Greenhouse JB, Frank E, et al. Treatment of major depression with psychotherapy or psychotherapy- pharmacotherapy combinations. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997 Nov;54(11):1009-15. [Link]
 
Brown C, Schulberg HC. The efficacy of psychosocial treatments in primary care. A review of randomized clinical trials. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1995 Nov;17(6):414-24. [Link]
 
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Gortner ET, Gollan JK, Dobson KS, Jacobson NS. Cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression: relapse prevention. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1998 Apr;66(2):377-84. [Link]
 
Fava GA, Rafanelli C, Grandi S, Conti S, Belluardo P. Prevention of recurrent depression with cognitive behavioral therapy: preliminary findings. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998 Sep; 55(9):816-20. [Link]
 
Jacobson NS, Dobson KS, Truax PA, et al. A component analysis of cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996 Apr;64(2):295-304. [Link]
 
Teasdale JD, Fennell MJ, Hibbert GA, Amies PL. Cognitive therapy for major depressive disorder in primary care. Br J Psychiatry. 1984 Apr;144:400-6. [Link]
 
Blackburn IM, Bishop S, Glen AI, Whalley LJ, Christie JE. The efficacy of cognitive therapy in depression: a treatment trial using cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy, each alone and in combination. Br J Psychiatry. 1981 Sep;139:181-9. [Link]
 
Medications
Qitkin FM, McGrath PJ, Stewart JW, et al. Chronological milestones to guide drug change. When should clinicians switch antidepressants? Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996 Sep; 53(9):785-92. [Link]
 
Simon GE, Von Korff M, Heiligenstein JH, et al. Initial antidepressant choice in primary care. Effectiveness and cost of fluoxetine vs tricyclic antidepressants. JAMA. 1996 Jun 26; 275(24):1897-902. [Link]
 
Schulberg HC, Block MR, Madonia MJ, Rodriguez E, Scott CP, Lave J. Applicability of clinical pharmacotherapy guidelines for major depression in primary care settings. Arch Fam Med. 1995 Feb;4(2):106-12. [Link]
 
Freemantle N, House A, Song F, Mason JM, Sheldon TA. Prescribing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as strategy for prevention of suicide. BMJ. 1994 Jul 23; 309(6949):249-53. [Link]
 
Wells KB, Katon W, Rogers B, Camp P. Use of minor tranquilizers and antidepressant medications by depressed outpatients: results from the medical outcomes study. Am J Psychiatry. 1994 May;151(5):694-700. [Link]
 
Matthews K, Eagles JM, Matthews CA. The use of antidepressant drugs in general practice. A questionnaire survey. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1993;45(3):205-10. [Link]
 
Simon GE, Von Korff M, Wagner EH, Barlow W. Patterns of antidepressant use in community practice. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1993 Nov;15(6):399-408. [Link]
 
Song F, Freemantle N, Sheldon TA, et al. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: meta-analysis of efficacy and acceptability. BMJ. 1993 Mar 13;306(6879):683-7. [Link]
 
Kupfer DJ, Frank E, Perel JM, et al. Five-year outcome for maintenance therapies in recurrent depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1992 Oct;49(10):769-73. [Link]
 
Katon W, Von Korff M, Lin E, Bush T, Ormel J. Adequacy and duration of antidepressant treatment in primary care. Med Care. 1992 Jan;30(1):67-76. [Link]
 
Patient Education
Peveler R, George C, Kinmouth A, Campbell M, Thompson C. Effect of antidepressant drug counselling and information leaflets on adherence to drug treatment in primary care: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 1999; 319:612-5. [Link]
 
Katon W, Robinson P, Von Korff M, et al. A multifaceted intervention to improve treatment of depression in primary care. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996 Oct;53(10):924-32. [Link]
 
Katon W, Von Korff M, Lin E, et al. Collaborative management to achieve treatment guidelines. Impact on depression in primary care. JAMA. 1995 Apr 5;273(13):1026-31. [Link]
 
Martin AR, Coates TJ. A clinician's guide to helping patients change behavior. West J Med. 1987 Jun;146(6):751-3. [Link]